MATT GROENING: “I know all those words, but that sentence makes no sense to me.”
Lunch   GroupPic   Allegiance

CHED-Journal Incentive Program (click http://pnprs.org/CMO50.s2017.pdf)

Philosophia Volume 19  January 2018

Philosophia Volume 19  No. 2.  May 2018

We are proud and happy to announce that the digital copy of the Philosophia: An International Journal of Philosophy Volume 19 January 2018 has been uploaded. 

Philosophia is abstracted in Thomson Reuters (formerly ISI Web of Knowledge), Scopus, and The Philosopher’s Index. It is included in the ASEAN Citation Index Database, and EBSCO Database. It is listed in Ulrich’s International Periodicals Directory and in International Directory of Philosophy. The Philippine Commission on Higher Education (CHED)certified the journal as Category A-1 in 2012 and also awarded it with the Journal Incentive Program (JIP) Journal Challenge Grant in 2017.

We have take steps to make the digital copy of our journal an open access online journal. However we have retained the printed copy/issue for those individuals and institutions who want to subscribe to the printed copy. Kindly click the link below to enjoy open access to the full contents of the Volume 19, January 2018 issue. Please bear with us as our website is still under construction.


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It is with sadness that we announce the demise of Dr. Rolando M. Gripaldo –Editor-in-chief of Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy
and the Executive Governor of the Philippine National Philosophical Research Society (PNPRS).
Dr. Gripaldo died in his sleep last September 9, 2017 in their residence
and was buried last September 15, 2107 at Himlayang Pilipino, Quezon City, Philippines.
He is survived by his wife Eden Gripaldo, PhD and daughter Ria Gripaldo MD.
PNPRS will move on and will continue to publish Philosophia as envisioned by the late Dr. Gripaldo.
As the Vice Executive Governor the undersigned will now be the
Executive Governor, he will also serve as Editor-in-chief of Philosophia in an
acting capacity until such time that his position is confirmed by the Board of Governors.
We hope that you will continue to support the PNPRS and Philosophia.
Jove Jim S. Aguas, PhD. (email: jovejim24@gmail.com)
PNPRS LECTURE SESSION, 23 September 2017 (Saturday)
(Jade Vine Restaurant and Executive Inn, 537 UN Ave. cor. Jorge Bocobo St., Ermita,
Registration: P2000; Early Registration: P1800 (Deadline: 31 August)
[Certificate plus 2 snacks, lunch, free-flowing coffee, and 2 back issues of "Philosophia" (2000-2005) and 1 back issue of "Sophia" free]
Contact: drgrips@yahoo.com (0917-8557118) or johnnymacaranas@gmail.com (0916-4087265)
To view the CHED Endorsement, click here and the Program of the Lecture Session, click here.

      We will continue to retain the PNPRS Lectures. In addition we will also have the PNPRS Seminar. These two activities will be held alternatively on a biannual basis. As usual, the attendance of the lectures and seminars will range from 10 to 30, or possibly, 50 participants as in some of the CRVP Fall Seminars (see http://www.crvp.org) and the Vienna Circle. Even in some sessions of international conferences and in many sessions of the World Congress of Philosophy, an attendance of seven to fifteen is normal. The important thing is that there is a lecture and there are people who listen, discuss, and ask questions.

      The officers for 2017-2018 are retained: (1) Rolando M. Gripaldo, PhD (DLSU and MSU, Ret.) – Executive Governor, (2) Jove Jim Aguas, PhD (University of Santo Tomas) – Vice Executive Governor, (3) Juan Rafael Macaranas, PhD (De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Manila) - Chairman of the Board of Governors, (4) Roland Theuas Pada, PhD (University of Santo Tomas, Manila) - Vice Chair of the Board, (5) Nicolito Gianan, PhD (University of the Philippines at Los Baños) - Secretary, (6) Juan Rafael Macaranas, PhD (DLSU)- Acting Treasurer, (7) Nicolito Gianan, PhD (UPLB) - Acting Auditor, and (8) Wilhelm Julian, PhD (Department of Agrarian Reform, Quezon City) - Public Relations Officer.

      The bonafide PNPRS members—in addition to the seven officers—as of 1 January 2017 are the following: The bonafide PNPRS members—in addition to the eight officers—as of 1 January 2017 are the following: (9) Delfin P. Chiniona, MA (Technological Institute of the Philippines, Quezon City); (10) Jerwin M. Mahaguay, MA (FEU-EAC, Manila); (11) Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani, PhD ((University of Ghana); (12) Feorillo P. A, Demeterio III, PhD (De La Salle University, Manila); (13) Edwin Etieyibo, PhD (University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg); (14) Brendan Howe, PhD (Ehwa Womans University, Seoul); (15) Napoleon M. Mabaquiao Jr., PhD (De La Salle University, Manila); (16) Olusegun Noah Olawoyin, PhD (Ekiti State University, Nigeria); (17) Bartman I. Gacraman, MPR (University of La Sallette, Inc., Santiago City); (18) Hulya Simga, PhD (Koc University, Istanbul); (19) Murat Bac, PhD (Bogazici Universty, Istanbul); (20) Ufuk Ozen Baykent, PhD (Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey); (21) Peter M. Collins, PhD (Institute for the History of Philosophy and Pedagogy, Rockville, Maryland); (22) Leslie Anne Liwanag, MA (De La Salle University, Manila); (23) Danilo Alterado, PhD (Saint Louis University, Baguio City); (24) Rizalino Noble Malabed, PhD (University of the Philippines, Los Baños, Laguna); (25) Zsolt Ziegler, PhD (Budapest University of Technology and Economics and Eotvos Lorand University, Hungary); (26) Christopher An (Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City), (27) Arnel Morte, MA (Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon); (28) Joseph Martin M. Jose (De La Salle University, Manila); (29) Wilfried Vanhoutte, PhD (Saint Louis University, Baguio City); (30) Engelbert Calimlim Pasag, PhD (Dankook University, Jukjeon, South Korea); (31) Joharel Escobia, MA (Father Saturnino Urios University, Butuan City); (32) Fr. Lemuel Galias, LCL (Holy Family Center of Studies Foundation, Inc., Sorsogon); and (33) Fr. Riche Armas, MA (Holy Family Center of Studies Foundation, Inc., Sorsogon).

PNPRS LECTURE SESSION, 23 September 2017 (Saturday) (Jade Vine Restaurant and Executive Inn, 537 UN Ave. cor. Jorge Bocobo St., Ermita, Manila) Registration: P2000; Early Registration: P1800 (Deadline: 23 August) [Certificate plus 2 snacks, lunch, free-flowing coffee, and 2 back issues of "Philosophia" and 1 back issue of "Sophia" free]

1. 18 February (Saturday, 2:30-5:00 PM)              - Gina Aquino Opiniano (PhD), Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (Venue: UST, Manila): "Simone de Beauvoir's Existentialist Feminism: A Critical Reading of the Philippine Magna Carta of Women."

ABSTRACT: To clarify notions on the “Filipino woman,” “transcendence,” “empowerment,” “freedom,” and “equality,” and to provide a possible groundwork for laws on women in other countries, this paper sought answers to the questions, (1) “What is Simone de Beauvoir’s existentialist feminism?” and (2) “How does her existentialist feminism reflect in the provisions of the Philippine Magna Carta of Women?” A critical exploration of these elements of the study was done by tracing how Existentialist Feminism of Beauvoir has developed from a constructive summary of the biography of the philosopher, the historical context during her time, the influences of her philosophy and her feminism. Further, the themes of Beauvoir’s Existentialist Feminism were distinctly elaborated as an offshoot of the development of the said philosophy. Upon establishing the cornerstones that comprise Existentialist Feminism, the substantive provisions of the Magna Carta of Women were read in the Beauvoirian perspective. Altogether, the results of the study contributed to a better picture of the Filipina woman’s character in such a perspective. The study also contributed to a deeper understanding of the Philippine Magna Carta of women in the context of the notions of “situated freedom” and “reciprocal recognition” of Beauvoir’s philosophy.

2. 23 Sept 2017 (Saturday, 8 AM-5 PM)             - Juan Rafael G. Macaranas, PhD (De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Manila): “Making Lecture Method Work in a Learner-Centered School.”

ABSTRACT: I choose the lecture as my primary method of teaching in DLS-CSB, which is branded as a learner-centered school. Faculty members are expected to veer away from methods identified with traditional philosophy. But my teaching performance record seemed to affirm that this lecture method works. Based on a study to investigate this method, I shall describe the approach and highlight the findings from this study for collegial consideration. Earning consistently with high-performance ratings, I am convinced that a modified lecture method, that is, employing it in a way that accommodates the needs and interest of the learner, makes it effective and truly learner-centered.

3. 23 Sept 2017 (Saturday, 8 AM-5 PM)             - Agustin Martin G. Rodriguez, PhD (Ateneo de Manila University, Quezon City): “How We Have Come to This: The Roots in Our Selves of the End of Life as We Know It.”

ABSTRACT: In this reflection, the author will trace the roots of the environmental crisis in certain fundamental needs of the human person, dangerously spiraling of those needs into obsessive consumption and accumulation.

4. 23 Sept 2017 (Saturday, 8 AM-5 PM)             - Wilfried M. A. Vanhoutte, PhD (Saint Louis University, Baguio City): “Nicholas of Cusa: Medieval and/or Modern Philosopher? A Selective Exploration of His Thought.”

ABSTRACT: One of the key problems in the history of philosophy is the evolution of the interpretation of the meaning of a philosopher and his work for the whole of philosophy. A subjacent problem is how to categorize philosophers in conventionally preconceived periods. While the division between those periods may be flexible, some authors are difficult to classify because their thoughts or forms of writing do not perfectly match historical paradigms, or simply because their lifetime is situated in the transition between two major historical periods. This is what affects an author like Nicholas of Cusa (Cusanus), who has been sometimes interpreted as a medieval author and sometimes as an initiator of the modern period. The author will demonstrate that Cusanus may be like a bread baked from the medieval dough, but with an unprecedented, original shape that prefigures modern culture.

5. 23 Sept 2017 (Saturday, 8 AM-5PM)             - Rolando M. Gripaldo, PhD (PNPRS, Quezon City): “'Philosophia' and the Turabian Documentation Convention (or How to Document a Paper for 'Philosophia' Publication).”

ABSTRACT: Many papers submitted to "Philosophia" are written in different documentation conventions like the Modern Language Association (MLA), American Psychological Association (APA), American Medical Association (AMA), and the like. Since "Philosophia" uses the Turabian convention, the present paper will show how authors can write their papers using this convention for the purpose of publication in "Philosophia." In a word, it is Turabian as revised and applied by the editors of "Philosophia."

6. 23 Sept 2017 (Saturday, 8 AM-5 PM)             - Feorillo P. A. Demeterio, PhD (De La Salle University, Manila) and Roland Theuas Pada (University of Santo Tomas, Manila): “A Humboldtian Critique of the University of the Philippines as the Flagship of Philippine Higher Education.”

ABSTRACT: For the Philippines to benefit from the ASEAN integration and globalization, in general, it must be able to mold highly educated citizens who can proactively engage themselves with the national, regional, and international knowledge economies. The Philippines has nine research universities that presumably lead its approximately 2,500 higher educational institutions in molding these much-needed citizens. These nine research universities are the eight autonomous constituent units of the University of the Philippines and the De La Salle University. The idea of the modern research university was invented more than 200 years ago in Berlin by the philosopher, linguist, humanist and statesman Wilhelm von Humboldt [1767-1835]. Around 1850, American educational leaders started to appropriate Humboldt’s ideas to establish the American research universities. As the University of the Philippines is an American creation and at the same time the flagship institution of Philippine higher education, this paper used the Humboldtian philosophy of education as well as its American translation in looking at the soundness of this university’s claim to being a research university. To attain this goal this paper has three substantive sections: (1) a discussion on Humboldt’s philosophy of education, (2) a discussion of the American translation of Humboldt’s philosophy of education, and (3) a critique of the foundational principles of the University of the Philippines as a research university. This paper will show if the University of the Philippines conforms to the Humboldtian idea of a research university or to the American translation of such an idea.

Pictures of the Lectures

          Papers for the 2018 PNPRS Biannual Seminar are welcome. But wait for the ANNOUNCEMENT of the theme. All papers should have abstracts which are thesis-oriented. Although an expository paper on a philosopher's ideas may be welcome, its significance should be justified in the text. The title must be catchy or thought-provoking. An abstract of 100-150 words is preferred. One can write on any philosophical topic within the theme and provided the length does not go beyond 15 pages, New Times Roman, font 12, single-spaced, including notes and references. Deadline for abstracts is not later than 15 October 2017. Final papers should be submitted by 15 January 2018. The earlier submitted the better. Only 5 papers will be accepted and scheduled. The presentation will be good for 40-45 minutes, accompanied with powerpoint.


          Two major activities of the Philippine National Philosophical Research Society (PNPRS) are (1) the publication of "Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy" (to view the various covers of the journal, click here), which is abstracted in Thomson Reuters (formerly ISI) Book of Knowledge, Scopus, EBSCO, The Philosopher’s Index, C&R Index Database (www.ejournals.ph), and recently the ASEAN Citation Index Database, and (2) the Annual Lecture Series. On 18 May 2017, the Philippine Commission on Higher Education issued CMO No. 50, s. 2017, which included the journal under its JIP (Journal Incentive Program) category[click to view]. To view some pages of the January 2016 issue, click here; and to view some pages of the May 2016 issue, click here. To view some pages of the January 2017 issue, click here; and to view some pages of the May 2017 issue, click here


1stlect2011 The Philippine National Philosophical Research Society is a nonstock, nonsectarian, and nonprofit society. Its advocacy is to make philosophy an essential instrument and academic discipline in nation-building and world understanding. It recognizes loyalty to philosophy and to the nation. To support its activities, particularly philosophical researches and the publication of "Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy," the Society shall raise funds for such purposes. It shall explore avenues of raising funds through memberships, subscriptions, donations, and others. It shall also establish links with foundations, philanthropists, political and economic leaders, and other entities (Art. I, Sec. 1, PNPRS By-Laws). PNPRS hopes to produce not just scholars but world class philosophers as well. The picture is the 1st lecture of the 2011 PNPRS Lecture Series, which included students. We have now shifted to teachers and professional philosophers. To view the group pictures of the 1st to the 6th lectures of the 2014 Lecture Series, click here.To view the group pictures of the 1st to 6th lectures of the 2015 Lecture Series, click here.To view the group pictures of the 1st to 2nd lectures of the 2016 Lecture Series, click here. To view the group pictures of the 1st lecture of the 2017 Lecture Series, click here.


          PNPRS was registered at the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1997 with Certificate of Registration No. A199704867[click to view]. In 2010 it obtained its Certificate of Filing of Amended Articles of Incorporation [click to view], its Certificate of Filing of New By-Laws [click to view], its Bureau of Internal Revenue Certificate of Registration [click to view], and in 2017, its latest General Information Sheet (GIS 2017) [click to view].

RUDOLF CARNAP: “When we look at the historical development of the sciences we see that philosophy has been the mother of them all.” [2011]
MARTIN HEIDEGGER: “It is in words and language that things first come into being and are.” [2012]
LUDWIG WITTGENSTEIN: “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world.” [January-June 2013]
JOHN SEARLE: “Where questions of style and exposition are concerned I try to follow a simple maxim: if you can't say it clearly you don't understand it yourself.” [July-December 2013]
FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: “Reality is a flux, an endless becoming (Werden) that is beyond words and language—all language is metaphor, useful to us but ultimately detached from reality (metaphysics is dead).” [January-July 2014]
ROBIN WILLIAMS: “So avoid using the word ‘very,’ because it’s lazy. A man is not very tired. He is exhausted. Don’t use ‘very sad,’ use ‘morose.’ Language was invented for one reason, boys—to woo women—and, in that endeavor, laziness will not do.” (Quoted from N.H. Kleinbaum, Dead Poets Society) [August-October 2014]
JOHN LOCKE: “We should have a great fewer disputes in the world if words were taken for what they are, the signs of our ideas only, and not for things themselves.” [November-December 2014]
G. F. W. HEGEL: “Just as when I say 'all animals,' this expression cannot pass for a zoology, so it is equally plain that the words, 'the Divine,' 'the Absolute,' 'the Eternal,' etc., do not express what is contained in them; and only such words, in fact, do express the intuition as something immediate. Whatever is more than such a word, even the transition to a mere proposition, contains a becoming-other that has to be taken back, or is a mediation.” [January-August 2015]
NELSON MANDELA: “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head.If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.” [September-December 2015]
SWAMI VIVEKANANDA: “We are what our thoughts have made us; so take care about what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live; they travel far. ” [January-June 2016]
PAUL TILLICH: “Language...has created the word 'loneliness' to express the pain of being alone. And it has created the word 'solitude' to express the glory of being alone.” [July-December 2016]
GEORGE ORWELL: “ But if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought.”[January-June 2017]

[PNPRS is dedicated to the philosophical education of the Filipino mind.]
[ADVOCACY: Making all public and private universities and major colleges to have departments of philosophy.]


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